The backstroke must be performed to Swim England Expected Standards. Breathing to follow a regular pattern. Learners should aim towards breathing in as one arm recovers, and breathing out as the other arm recovers.
The learner (on poolside) must raise the alarm (by shouting for adult help), and then shout and instruct a casualty in the water, and give guidance to help the casualty find their own way to safety. To avoid any danger, this must be done without making any contact with the casualty.